This page is part of Benton Foundation's online archive. We've kept some old stuff around for historical purposes.Universal Service and Universal Access Virtual Library
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Benton Foundation Papers on Universal Service
Universal Service in Context: A Multidisciplinary perspective
Connecting Educational, Health, and other Public Interest Institutions
The Federal Government
and Universal Access Virtual Library
For further information, visit the Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service page.
Benton Foundation Papers on Universal ServiceLosing Ground Bit by Bit: Low-Income Communities in the Information Age This report looks at the barriers (beyond just income) that are slowing the spread of new technology in low-income communities. Susan M. Goslee
The New Definition of Universal Service
And The Role for Public Interest Advocates to Make Federal Telecommunications Policy Work in Your State
Kevin Taglang, Benton Foundation (The Next Generation of Universal Service: Discounts for Schools and Libraries
Kevin Taglang, Benton Foundation (The Next Generation of Universal Service: Recommendations of the Joint Board on Universal Service
Kevin Taglang, Benton Foundation (Universal Service: A Historical Perspective and Policies for the 21st Century Mark Cooper
Public Interest Advocates, Universal Service and the Telecommunications Act of 1996. Kevin Taglang, Benton Foundation (NetTrans Accounts: Reforming the Financial Support Structure for Universal Service in Telecommunications Eli M. Noam
Universal Service and the Information Superhighway Policy Briefing 1
Universal Service and the Information Superhighway Policy Bulletin 1
Beyond Universal Service: Characteristics of Americans without Telephones1980-1993. Jorge Reina Schement.
Universal Service: Policy Options for the Future Susan G. Hadden
Recovering Network Subsidies without Distortion Michael A. Einhorn
Funding the Public Telecommunications Infrastructure Bruce L. Egan & Steven Wildman
"Universal Service in Context: a Multidisciplinary Perspective" New York Law School ConferenceBreaking the Bottleneck and Sharing the Wealth: A Perspective on Universal Service Policy in an Era of Local Competition Robert K. Lock, Jr.
A Framework for Managing Telecommunications Deregulation While Meeting Universal Service Goals Barbara A. Cherry, Steven S. Wildman
An Outline for Organizing Universal Service Proposals Marlin Blizinsky
Universal Service: The Stakeholder Response James C. Smith
Remarks of Dr. Michael D. Pelcovits--Stakeholder Response Dr. Michael D. Pelcovits
The Social Architecture of Community Computing Allen W. Batteau
The Local Government Perspective: Can the Harmonica Play in the Symphony? Brenda J. Trainor Manager, Regional Telecommunications Clark County, Nevada
Transcending Access Toward a New Universal Service Jorge Reina Schement, Rebecca R. Pressman, Laurance Povich
Universal Service in Vermont Peter Bluhm
Universal Service: Prosaic Motives and Great Ideals Harmeet Sawhney
New DefinitionsImplementing Universal Service After the 1996 Telecommunications Act
Report of the Eleventh Annual Aspen Institute Conference on Telecommunications Policy
August 18-21, 1996
NTIA Conference on the Future of the Net Ronda
Summarizes the 1994 NTIA online Conference held by the U.S. government and presents the discussion and reasons presented as to why there is a need for universal access to email, Usenet and a text based browser. Also presents prototype for public policy hearings.
Reforms toward the Intellectually Creative Society of the 21st Century Telecommunications Council
A Civil Liberties Ride on the Information Superhighway Barry Steinhardt, ACLU
Universal Service from the Bottom Up Dr. Milton Mueller & Dr. Jorge Reina Schement
(An Idea Whose Time Is Past) John Browning
Politicians love to give it lip service, but universal service is a 1930s solution to a 21st century problem. The problem is an excess (not shortage) of bandwidth, and the solution is called Open Access.
Connecting Educational, Health, and other Public Interest InstitutionsConnecting K-12 Schools to the NII: A Preliminary Assessment of Technology Models and Their Associated Costs R. I. Rothstein
TeleRead David H. Rothman
TeleRead is the final chapter of Scholarly Publishing: The Electronic Frontier (The MIT Press, 1996). TeleRead explains how to cost-justify a well-stocked national digital library through a focused hardware procurement program for schools and libraries, and also through the use of electronic forms running on the same machines. The approach developed is one that promotes the growth of a private market for text- and forms-friendly hardware.
Connecting Each to All: A Telecommunications Platform for the Information Age. The Alliance for Public Technology's vision of universal service.
The Federal GovernmentFCC/Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association Foundation Hold Education Roundtable "Using Wireless Technologies To Connect our Schools" Falling Through The Net: A Survey of the "Have Nots" in Rural and Urban America. NTIA
Competition Is The Key Reed Hundt FCC Chairman
Federal Communications Law Journal published by the Indiana University School of Law - Bloomington and the Federal Communications Bar Association
Steps Toward a Global Information Infrastructure Assistant Secretary of Commerce Larry Irving, Janet Hernandez, Wendy C. Chow
Deregulating the Second Republic Commissioner Andrew C. Barrett
The StatesUniversal Service Report Card
A joint publication of the Center for Media Education and the Center for Policy Alternatives
Published October 1999
Universal Service to Universal Access
Contracted by the State of Arizona, Governor's Office of Telecommunications Policy, this paper examines the evolution of Universal Service, describes existing and federal state universal service mechanisms, and charts the future of universal access to new applications and infrastructure, with some light policy recommendations. Designed to be an information tool for policy makers who are not necessarily technologist.
Universal Service: How States are Planning for the
University of Florida College of Journalism & Communications
Recognized as a goal in Section 1 of the 1934 Communications Act, efforts over the years to change our telecommunications laws and policies have always been evaluated, at least in part, for their potential impact on universal service. In 1994, the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) of the Department of Commerce issued a Notice of Inquiry (NOI) on universal service to address three issues. Ninety-seven respondents provided comments to the NTIA for consideration, seven of which were states.
The Evolution of Universal Service in Texas John B. Horrigan
LBJ School Report Finds Most Phoneless in Texas Apprehensive about Long Distance and Reinstallation Costs.
Universal Service in Vermont Peter Bluhm
The Cost, Benefits and Funding of Universal Service in the
UK Presents a study recently taken for the UK telecoms regulator Oftel.
Europe and the Global Information Society Recommendations to the European Council (PDF Format)
Telecoms Strategy Update Analysis is the largest independent consultancy in Europe specialising solely in the telecommunications field. Our work is built on solid research and data, and the use of unique tools for quantitative analysis.
Latin American Telecom Report International Technology Consultants
Beyond The Telephone, The Television And The PC Director General of Telecommunications, UK
Access and Universal
Service on the Information Highway
The Canadian government has stated that its Information Highway (IH) strategy will be based on three policy objectives to create jobs through innovation and investment; to reinforce Canadian sovereignty and cultural identity; and to ensure universal access at affordable cost.
Access, Affordability and Universal Service on the Canadian Information Highway Information Highway Advisory Council
Defining and Maintaining Universal Access to Basic Network Services: Canadian Experiences in an International Context The purpose of this research is to compare Canadian approaches to defining and achieving universal access to basic telecommunications services with that of other countries and international bodies.
Vulnerable CommunitiesUniversal Service and Information Poverty: a new look at an old problem Brennon M. Martin
The purpose of the paper is to reframe the debate over Universal Service to one that specifically addresses the problems that Universal Service is intended to solve, i.e., the differences in the ability of groups of individuals to solve their own problems. The paper calls for empirical study of the problem to attempt to shed light on an area of debate that has largely been based on polemics.
Market PerspectivesUniversal Service in a Competitive Era
When Local Exchange Competition Calls: A Survey of Competitive Local Exchange Access Issues Venable, Baetjer, Howard & Civiletti, LLP